How are cashew nuts classified?

31/08/2020

Cashew nuts are classified by sizes and colors, in which WW240, WW320, WW450, WS are the most popular types. So […]

Cashew nuts are classified by sizes and colors, in which WW240, WW320, WW450, WS are the most popular types. So what’s the meaning of these codes and how are cashew nuts classified?

Below is reference standard TCVN 4850: 2010 that specifies requirements for the Cashew Kernels obtained from the fruits of the Cashew nut tree (Anacardium occidentele Linnaeus) for human consumption.

Visimex WW320 cashew nuts

 

General requirements

  • Cashew kernels are products obtained by shelling the fruits of the Cashew nut tree and peeling the silk skin. The Cashew kernels shall be dry, shall have the characteristic shape. According to grade designations, they can be either scorched or unscorched, wholes or pieces, free from the oil of Cashew shell and silk skin. The percentage of kernels that are still attached to the silk skin less than 1 % and the diameter of pieces of attached silk skin is less than 1 mm.
  • Cashew kernels shall be completely free from living insects, moulds, from rodent contamination and insect damage, visible to the naked eye, or with being free from magnification in necessary cases.
  • Cashew kernels shall have a natural smell, shall be free from the rancid smell or any other unfamiliar smell.
  • Moisture content: The Cashew kernels shall have a moisture content not greater than 5 % calculated in mass.
  • For each grade of the Cashew kernels: Broken kernels and kernels of the next lower grade, if any, shall not together exceed 5 % (m/m) at the time of packing.

 

Table of abbreviations

No Abbreviation Explanation
1 W White
2 S Scorched
3 SS Second Scorched
4 LB Light Blemish
5 B Blemish
6 DB Dark Blemish
7 B Butt
8 BB Blemish Butt
9 S Split
10 LP Large Pieces
11 SP Small Pieces
12 B-B Baby – Bits

 

Grading

The Cashew kernel shall be graded by the quality classification criteria given below:

Grade Grade designation Number of kernels per KG Number of kernel per LB Trade name Requirement
1 W 160 265-353 120 – 160 White Whole Kernels Besides the general requirements, the Cashew kernels shall be white, pale ivory or light ash gray free from black or brown spots
2 W 180 355-395 161 – 180
3 W 210 440-465 200 – 210
4 W 240 485-530 220 – 240
5 W 320 660-705 300 – 320
6 W 450 880-990 400 – 450
7 SW 240 485 – 530 220 – 240 Scorched whole kernels As the grade of white whole kernels but the color is darker due to overheating in the process of oil dressing or dry.
8 SW 320 660 – 705 300 – 320
9 SW
10 WS  

White Splits

Kernels split naturally lengthwise. The color of Cashew kernels is the same the color of white whole kernels
11 LP Large pieces Broken kernels not passing through a sieve of aperture 4.75 mm
12 SSP

 

Scorched Small pieces Broken kernels passing through a sieve of aperture 4.75 mm, but not passing through a sieve of aperture 2.8 mm
13 BB Baby Bits Small broken kernels passing through a sieve of aperture 2.8 mm, but not passing through a sieve of aperture 1.7 mm

 

Source: https://hethongphapluat.com/tieu-chuan-viet-nam-tcvn-4850-2010-ve-nhan-hat-dieu.html